Most of the time when someone talks about a divorce, he or she is referring to an Absolute Divorce. This is a complete and final end to a marriage, accompanied by a court order known as a Decree of Divorce. Absolute Divorces often come with collateral court orders that address issues such as equitable distribution of marital property, alimony, child custody, and child support.
If a married couple has lived separate and apart for 3 years as a result of the incurable insanity of one spouse, an absolute divorce may be granted. Either spouse may be granted an Absolute Divorce if the married couple has lived separate and apart for 1 year.
One of the spouses must also have been a resident of North Carolina for the six months immediately prior to the filing of the Complaint for Absolute Divorce. In order to receive a divorce based on one year of separation, the parties must have actually lived separately and not maintained the appearance of a marital relationship for one year. Unlike other states, North Carolina does not recognize a separation if the parties live in separate areas of the same house or sleep in separate bedrooms.
Despite the name, a Divorce from Bed and Board is not actually an official divorce but rather a court decree that a married couple is legally separated. Although filing for a Divorce from Bed and Board often accompanies a number of matters similar to an Absolute Divorce such as alimony, child custody, post-separation support, and so on , one primary distinction is that when a court grants a Divorce from Bed and Board the parties are not yet free to remarry.
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You must still obtain an Absolute Divorce in order to officially end the marriage in North Carolina. There are five general grounds for a Divorce from Bed and Board.
In contrast with the grounds for an Absolute Divorce, there are not time restrictions on filing a complaint for a Divorce from Bed and Board and all of the grounds are fault-based: Abandonment or Turning Out Also known as Desertion. This generally occurs when a spouse suddenly leaves without justification and without the consent of the other spouse. This ground generally requires behavior by one spouse that endangers the life of the other spouse.
Although physical violence is often involved, it is not required to receive a Divorce from Bed and Board on this ground. It can include acts involving humiliation, constant verbal abuse, repeated false accusations of adultery, and so on. Counties where the births and deaths occur keep a duplicate copy of the information they send to the state office.
Copies requested for genealogical purposes, which are not certified, do not require a notarized signature and the cost is nominal. Certified copies are only available to close family members. Most of the county indexes to births and deaths through the s have been microfilmed and are available at the Family History Library. Search the FamilySearch Catalog by:. In addtion, the North Carolina State Archives holds microfilmed indexes to births for all counties except Wake and Durham counties. Some NC Registers of Deeds are making their vital records available online.
It also shows their current address, telephone, fax, fees, and years for which records are available. It includes addresses of county vital records offices, and many county genealogical societies and links to related information such as local record searching volunteers.
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Do not contact North Carolina Vital Records for births before Some county registrars have birth records prior to Contact the respective county Register of Deeds for record availability. Pre Birth Records Kept by Cities. The city of Raleigh kept birth records beginning with and the city of Wilmington from Due to Social Security requirements and other federal acts, many people needed proof of birth. If no birth record was available, they could go to the county where they were born and file a delayed registration of birth.
These may be found in county offices of the Register of Deeds.
These records may list births from the s to the s. They usually give the exact date of birth, town or city of birth, and often the full names of both parents, as well as the volume and page. The library has microfilm copies of some of these important documents. Still Births Vital Records Section. Death Certificates, —; Still Births, —; Fetal Deaths, —; Index, —  has the certificates are arranged by file number or volume number.
These births are included in an online index titled North Carolina Deaths and Burials These bonds are from the time the county was created until about The original records are at the North Carolina State Archives. The bondsman listed may be the father of the child, the mother or her father, or another party. About 22, names are listed. To see a coverage map of FamilySearch's holdings of North Carolina county birth records, click here.
Different types of county marriage records are available in North Carolina in different time periods. In general, the following types of records are available:. From to , marriages were performed by clergy or civil authorities and were recorded in county records. From to , either a publication of banns or the posting of a bond was required before a marriage could take place. These practices are described below:. The publication of banns was a religious procedure. For three consecutive Sundays, the couple posted in church their written intention to marry. If no objection was voiced, permission to marry was granted by the church.
Before marriages performed by banns were not recorded in public records, so they must be located in church or Bible records. Beginning in ministers were required to file marriage returns with a clerk in the county. Couples could also obtain a license to marry if the groom posted a bond of 50 pounds in the county where the bride resided. Marriages performed by bonds were recorded in county records. Some of these pre bonds have survived for about half the counties.
Marriage by bonds was discontinued in Please be aware that owing to the absence of actual marriage record books in some localities the bond date may be given as the marriage date in some index publications. As with all secondary sources, the original should be always be consulted to verify the index data. The index refers you to the county of marriage. It contains a brides index and a grooms index.
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It includes the entire state, except Granville County. This index is available on Ancestry. Most of these pre marriage bonds are also listed in the International Genealogical Index available at the Family History Library FHL fiche and at each family history center and online at FamilySearch. Additionally, these records are found on North Carolina Marriages, Many county marriage records are on microfilm or have been published.
For a fee, the North Carolina State Archives will search the index for you and send you a copy. Instructions are found in Archives Information Circular 15 September Marriage records from to are kept by the register of deeds in each county. In , new laws made the only official marriage record the county marriage license. Statewide registration of marriages began in You can write to the Division of Health Services see address above to obtain copies of records since January For records from to , write to the county register of deeds or the North Carolina State Archives listed in the " Archives and Libraries " section.
How to find sources for NC vital records
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of county marriage records for most counties through the s. From Guilford County, for example, the library has six films of marriage abstracts — and 65 films of marriage licenses — Numerous published sources are also available, such as:. Many eloping couples went to Mt.
Airy, Surry County, North Carolina to be married and avoid the waiting period between the time of issuing a license and the performance of the marriage. Statewide registration of deaths began in Compliance in most counties was reached by Death records usually give information about the deceased, such as name, age, birth date, state or country of birth sometimes the city or town , names of the parents frequently including the maiden name of the mother , and the informant who may be a close relative.
The date and place of death are given. Sometimes burial information, the cause of death, and the names of the physician and mortician are provided. The length of residence in the state or county may also be given. The best place to obtain a death certificate is from the county Register of Deeds.
Uncertified copies of certificates are available without a notarized signature and for a nominal fee. Indexes generally give the name of the person, the name of the father or mother , and the place and date of death and need to be used if the county of death and date of death is not known.
Refer to the following indexes:. Original death records — for most counties and indexes for — are available from the North Carolina State Archives.